Thursday, 02 January 2020 08:36

World Bank Mission November, 2019

From November 16 to 22, 2019, a World Bank carried   out   the   implementation support mission of the Reducing Emission from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) programme in Sudan.

The Scope of the mission focused on two aspects:

Submission and how Execution the Plan for the next year

Reviewing achievements from September 2018 to November 2019

The objectives of the mission were to carry out a quick assessment of the programme’s performance in terms of the achievement of objectives and results.

It  also reviewed some issues in relation to the disbursement of the Supplementary financing had approved.

The mission team conducted a lot of discussions with all the REDD staff PMU , focal points in all states of Sudan ,  some discussions with consultancies and

Discussions with FAO- on REDD+ activities implemented by FAO (FEEL, MRV )

The mission Schedule included multiple meetings and visits, As a starting   point the mission team Visiting the REDD+ program unit in FNC and conducted Meeting with FNC Director General, meeting with the new Minister of Agriculture and Forests and meeting with ministry of Finance /DG of Foreign finance.

The programme within the mission days contained several presentations addressed  many  issues such as general progress of the Sudan REDD+ Programme   , Financial and disbursement Management   , procurement, communications, Mangroof   in Red Sea State , focal points  activities , Besides Some presentations from Core consultancy  under the REDD+ Readiness as Private sector Strategy, SESC Gender mainstreaming Strategy, SESA Strategy (phase 2), A GHG Inventory and Reporting  , Saw Sudan organization  introduced  presentation on  REDD+  : Lesson learn from Sudan Round Trees Networking Initiative, Joint Review with FAO- on FAO Led program activities (FREL, MRV )

World Bank country director held a wrap-up meeting with the members of mission and some representatives of the World Bank in the offices of the World Bank in Khartoum on Thursday as well the ministry of finance wrapped up the mission by another meeting .

In conclusion, the TTL expressed his satisfaction with the project performance so far and she declared Continuation to provide support to successful of implementation of all activities planned under this project.

 The members of mission

The mission was led by Ms. Dora Nsuwa Cudjoe (Senior Environmental Specialist, Task Team Leader) and included, Mr. Alemayehu Belay Zeleke (Environmental Specialist) and others representatives from world bank Khartoum office

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To facilitate the formulation of the National Forest Monitoring System (NFMS) Action Plan in Sudan, a two-day consultation workshop was organized in Khartoum, Sudan on 6 - 7 October 2019 at the Grand Holiday Villa Hotel. Attended by the implementing partners as well as other project stakeholders such as the Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources, the Ministry of Environment, the Ministry of Livestock, the Ministry of Wildlife, as well as academia and the private sector, the event offered 60 participants a platform to exchange information and experiences related to national forest inventory (NFI) implementation, the use of forest data for national plans and strategies, and program sustainability and institutionalization.  The workshop was the beginning of an important process as REDD+ and forestry monitoring experts from Khartoum and various Sudanese States came together to identify the critical institutional capacity needs to ensure the country is able to meet its requirements for evidence-based policy formulation and international reporting obligations.

In his opening remarks, FAO Representative to Sudan Mr Babagana Ahmadu, highlighted the importance of the event and its topic to Sudan’s climate commitments: “Understanding that climate change is one of the defining challenges and risks of our generation and global efforts to address these challenges require a multi-pronged approach – one of our focus is to strengthen institutional capacity,” stated Mr Ahmadu. “Having adequate national forest monitoring system capacity, and well-resourced institutions, and technically competent staff will enable Sudan achieve its REDD+ goals contributing to the overall economic development across all sectors.”

This workshop is very important for Sudan to develop the national forest monitoring system. Participants representing all the states in Sudan, who participated in the NFI activities as well as NGOs and academia have contributed to the national priorities and provided insight into the capacity needs assessment,” said Sayeda Adam, REDD+ coordinator at FNC. “The knowledge gained from this workshop will support decision makers on land and forest sector focused decisions as well as increase the capacity of staff of the National Forestry Corporation.”

 Nelson Gapare, FAO consultant supporting the institutional capacity needs and gap assessment for NFMS and MRV reflected on the next steps: “Following this national workshop, the government of Sudan will start formulating its NFMS Action Plan outlining how it will address any identified institutional capacity needs and gaps. The development of an action plan is an important step towards strategizing about how to finance the short, medium and long-term requirements to meet national and international climate change reporting requirements – for instance – obligations under the UNFCCC and Paris Agreement. The gradual development of the NFMS and relevant MRV functions will be fundamentally important as Sudan embarks on new economic policies across all sectors including agriculture and forestry”.

 Looking at Sudan’s forests from above

Separate parallel training sessions on remote sensing were held during the workshops, allowing the participants from Forests National Corporation, the Remote Sensing & Seismology Authority and research institutions to have better access to precise and timely data and support Sudan in combating deforestation to help meet national and international climate targets. Remote sensing technologies, which includes sensors, processing software and analysis, has been extensively studied and applied in Sudan in various sectors including Agriculture, Forestry, and Other Land Use (AFOLU). Studies that employed remote sensing have improved understanding of the state of Sudan’s forests. At the strategic level of forest planning, or in general planning for forest resource allocation over a wide area, remote sensing can play an important role in estimating and monitoring forest cover.

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Fire management workshop was held in forests National Corporation Sahel Center during the period 7-12/ 9 / 2019 within the framework of the Sudan forest management. Fire Mapping for Sustainable Development 

Workshop Duration: Six days

Main aim of   this workshop   was to build and raise capacities in the management and monitoring of forest and prairie fires

The workshop was characterized by significant participation from wide sectors with a total of 15 participants (9 women and 6 men) nine forests and six from the relevant authorities Including National expert on wildfires, Sudanese National Remote Sensing Authority , Universities (Kordofan University College of Forestry and Pasture (,General Administration of Civil Defense, General Administration of Wildlife, Meteorological Authority , Focal point of  fires , Gums Administration , REDD + program , Range & Pasture Administration,

Topics of the Workshop included the follows

Introduction: What are forest fires and their effects? To prevent fire want needed and what available.

The uses of remote sensing to manage fire , Forest fire analysis with remote sensing data.

How   to make Vegetation   Index.

Forest   fire    mapping.

MODIS image interpretation and analysis

How to use  vector  system

Training workshop on the monitoring and mapping of forests fires
Training workshop on the monitoring and mapping of forests fires
Training workshop on the monitoring and mapping of forests fires
Training workshop on the monitoring and mapping of forests fires
Training workshop on the monitoring and mapping of forests fires
Training workshop on the monitoring and mapping of forests fires
Training workshop on the monitoring and mapping of forests fires
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Training workshop on the monitoring and mapping of forests firesShow Gallery

The gumbelt workshop was held in Al-Obeid, the capital of North Kordofan State in February 7-8, 2019 within the framework of the overall program of reduction of emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in Sudan. The gumbelt cover vast areas of central Sudan, and has significant environmental, economic and social values.  The workshop focused on the contributing and driving factors to the rehabilitation in terms gum trees, other natural resources and the local communities. The emphasis was on gum Arabic producing trees (mainly Acacia senegal) due to their environmental and societal role, in addition to their contribution in the efforts to mitigate climate change. The main objectives were:

  1. Highlight the contribution of the gumbelt in the mitigation of climate change, reducing emissions, economic values and social importance.
  2. Engage and mobilize gum Arabic producers and associations in the rehabilitation of the efforts within the framework of exchanging and promoting benefits.
  3. Strength the roles of executive, civil society leaders and the civil societies; and to create partnerships between the official and the community towards protection and sustainable management of the gumbelt.
  4. Coordinate efforts of the executive, technical and academic bodies related to the purpose of protecting and rehabilitation of the belt by monitoring, surveying, identifying of sustainable management options and meeting the challenges.

The workshop was attended by a significant number of participants (153: 49 women and 104 men), representing stakeholders, executive entities and civil leaders. They contributed by attending, presentations and active involvement in the discussion and the workshop activities. The workshop was honored by the attention and the speech presented by the Governor of North Kordofan State, and characterized by a large representation of the executive leaderships, director general and directors of the Forests National Corporation, a number of researchers from the Universities and the Agricultural Research Commission, as well as representatives of the civil bodies and producers of gum Arabic, in addition to the media .

Workshop program and side events

Day 1: Thursday February 7th, 2019

  1. Inaugural session honored by the Governor of North Kordofan State
  2. Scientific and technical working sessions and recommendations

Opening program

The Holly Quran by Balla Musa

8:30 – 8.35 am

Director of North Kordofan State forests: Mohamedain Elamin Mohamedain

8:35 -8:40 am

Director General of the Forest National Corporation: Dr. Mohamed Ali El Hadi

8:40 – 8:50 am

Minister of the Ministry of Production and economic resources-North Kordofan: Dr. Mohamed Hamed Suleiman al-Daw

8:50 -9:00 am

Governor of North Kordofan State: Governor Ahmed Mohammed Haroun

 

Break

9:00 – 9:30 am

First working session

Moderator Dr. Mohammed Hamid – Dean of the Institute of Gum Arabic Research

University of Kordofan

Presesnter

Title

Time

Mr. Buri Bella Al Hussein

The emission reduction program and the role of gumbelt in reducing emissions, its economic importance and international experiences

10:20 – 10:40 am

Redd+ Technical advisor

Natural Resources in North Kordofan State

10:40 – 10:50 am

Mr. A. Tariq al-Amin: Director of Agriculture and Natural Resources, North Kordofan

1)Experience of North Kordofan State in the rehabilitation of gumbelt

10:50 – 11:10

1.Mr. Masoud Mohammed Masoud – Coordinater of Gumbelt rehabilitation project.

2)the State Strategy for the rehabilitation".

11:10 -11:30 am

2. Mohammedain Alamin Mohammedain, Director of North Kordofan Forests

 

11:30 am - 12:30 pm

1.Ms.Fatima Mohammad Ahmed Ramli -

Director of Gums Department And

2.Hamdan Kabashi: representative of gum Arabic producers and associations

1)The Role of producers of gum Arabic associations in the rehabilitation of gumbelt

2) the reality and future vision of producers to adapt through the emission reduction program

12:30 – 1.00

Discussion

11:30 am - 12:30 pm

Break

12:30 – 1.00

Second working session

Moderator: Masood Mohammed Masoud

Coordinator of the Gum Arabic Belt rehabilitation project

Presenter

Title

Time

Mr. Mohamed Moussa – North Kordofan legislative Council

Political and legislative authority for the emission reduction Program

1.00 1.20 pm

Mr. Madeni Ismail – Researcher,  Al-Obeid Research Station

Role of research in the development of the gumbelt in light of climatic changes

1:20 – 1.40

Mr. Mohamed Idris Ibrahim- Director of the support projects for restricting of gum Arabic sector.

Lessons Learned from projects operating in North Kordofan State in the involvement of communities and the private sector in marketing and value chain"

1:40  -2:00 pm

Discussion and Recommendations

2:00 -4.00 pm

           

 Day 2: Friday  February 8th, 2019: Field visits to Gum belt rehabilitation sites in North Kordofan State.

Day 3: Saturday February 10th, 2019: Departure of participants

Workshop Recommendations

  1. To intensify the rehabilitation efforts and activities by the Forests National Corporation, other formal sectors and the farmers in gum Arabic producing states by enhancing regeneration using seeds and seedlings, and strengthen the procedures of protection from illegal felling of trees, grazing and fire.
  2. To encourage and strengthen the participation of youth, woman and the private sector in protection, regeneration operations and production of gum Arabic.
  3. To expand extension and guidance efforts and messages for farmers and gum producers at all stages of production from tapping of all of the productive trees and gum Arabic collection, storage and marketing.
  4. To strengthen the capacities of producers, associations and communities to increase production and achieve a rewarding return by contracting systems, and to provide financial aids to increase production and to open up prospects and opportunities for local marketing (such as Al-Obeid stock exchange) and foreign markets.
  5. To improve and intensify developmental research and introduction of intermediate technology on regeneration, methods of gum production, marketing, and alternative uses of gum products.
  6. To provide basic and supportive services for the forest and farming communities in the gum belt as an integral part to the production of gum Arabic and the rehabilitation efforts of gum Arabic belt.
  7. To expand the value chains of agricultural and animal products and enhance their benefits among stakeholders by leveraging the various projects and programs for the forest farming communities in the gum producing states
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The mangrove workshop and the accompanying programs were held in the city of Port-Sudan, Red Sea State - Sudan during the period 21-24 January 2019. The general aim of the workshop was to identify the current state of the Mangrove trees and its ecosystem on Sudan Red Sea coastal areas, their role in mitigating climatic change and to highlight their environmental and societal importance according to the following objectives:

  1. To highlight the importance of mangrove forests and their ecosystems within the framework of reducing carbon emission
  2. To raise awareness of mangrove forests environmental, social and economic values.
  3. To strengthen the role of the executives and civil society organizations, and to create partnerships between the formal authorities and the communities in the management and protection activities.
  4. To address the challenges by enhancing coordination among the relevant executive, technical and academic units for conservation and development of mangrove ecosystems by regular inventories and identification of sustainable management methodologies.

The workshop was characterized by significant participation from wide sectors with a total of 156 participants (52 women and 104 men). The participants represented authorities that are directly and indirectly linked with the Mangrove ecosystems.  They included significant representation of executive leaders in the Red Sea State headed the Governor, Deputy Director of the Forest National Corporation (FNC), President of the Red Sea University, representatives of the municipal authorities (mayors) and civil societies, in addition to the media

Workshop program and side events

Day 1: Tuesday, January 10th, 2019  at al Rabwah Tourist Hotel (annexed program)

  1. Opening session attended and patronage by the Red Sea Governor.
  2. Scientific and technical working sessions and recommendations.

Day 2: Wednesday, Jan 23th, 2019

  1. Field visits to mangrove forests and ecosystems.

Day 3: Thursday Jan 24th 2019

  1. Field visits to coastal and mountainous ecosystems in the Red Sea state.

Day 4: Friday Jan 25th, 2019

  1. Departure of participants from Port Sudan

Workshop Recommendations

  1. Inventory and monitoring of mangrove forests for sustainable management, development and expansion along the Red Sea Coast.
  2. Legalize the status of the mangrove forest as natural reserve or reserved forests at the national or state level and supervised by a beneficiary mechanism under the technical supervision of the FNC.
  3. Make use of previous lessons and international experiences, in addition to possible introduction of economically viable new mangrove species.
  4. Provide support for research and scientific studies in the fields of propagation, regeneration and economic and environmental benefits.
  5. Raising awareness of local communities, official and private entities about the environmental and economic values of mangrove forests.
  6. Training of workers and local communities in the management aspects of mangrove forests through demonstration visits, past experiences and studies.

7.        Establishment of a forestry program or forest department in the Red Sea state and in coordination with other formal sectors like the naval forces in the conservation of mangrove forests and biodiversity in general

Monday, 15 April 2019 12:28

Steering Committee , Meeting NO, 4

In line with REDD+ program organizational set up and Governance requirement the periodic steering committee meeting NO (4) was held on January 17th 2019.

The meeting was headed by The State Minister of Agriculture and Forestry, co-headed by the DG of Forest National Corporation and attended by 23 participants representing different stakeholders.

The meeting included the following:-

  • Brief Note by his Excellency Minister of Agriculture.
  • Brief Note by the DG of FNC.
  • Presentation on REDD+ program and the key hot issues by National REDD+ program Coordinator.
  • Discussion on the last Meeting Notes and the progress made so far.

The Readiness Assessment Package (R-Package) is a major milestone and comes at the transition stage from REDD+ readiness preparation to piloting performance-based activities. The R-Package is an important requirement by the FCPF for assessing progress, strengths and weaknesses, and seeking objective feedback from relevant national and sub-national stakeholders involved in Sudan’s REDD+ process. Sudan is preparing its R-Package at an advanced stage of its readiness preparation to benefit from the outcomes and feedback of the self-assessment to improve and consolidate its readiness preparation. The implementation of Sudan’s readiness program is scheduled to be completed by December 2019, in line to the additional grant agreement.

The objectives of R-Package study

  • To synthesize and consolidate the findings of analytical studies carried out during the readiness preparation process
  • To assess progress made by Sudan on REDD+ Readiness through multi-stakeholder consultation workshops at district, national and regional levels;
  • To prepare an R-Package report on the basis of criteria and diagnostic questions in the R-Package Assessment Framework
  • Results of assessment of progress made the readiness preparation;
  • Results of the national multi-stakeholder self-assessment;
  • Insights on significant achievements made and lessons learned in all sub-components;
  • Identification of remaining gaps and areas that require further development in all sub-components;
  • Next steps and planned activities for transitioning to the implementation phase

The self-assessment process

The self-assessment process was conducted during the period 23 December 2018 to 7 January 2019. In total, 74 representatives of nine stakeholder groups have participated in self-assessment process, of which 43 percent are women. Participants include PMU staff, state focal points, members of the Technical Advisory Committee, the Steering Committee, and the Technical Working Groups, as well as representatives from 10 civil society organizations and two development partners  .

Table below presents the stakeholders groups that participated in Sudan’s REDD+ readiness self-assessment and the sub-components that each group considered

Stakeholder groups that participated in the readiness self-assessment

 

 

 

Stakeholder group

No. of representatives

Gender

Readiness sub-components

 

 

Women

Men

 

Programme Management Unit

8

4

4

All sub-components

States Focal Points

21

5

16

All sub-components

Technical Multi-Sector Advisory Committee

3

1

2

Sub-component 2

National REDD+ Steering Committee

9

4

5

Sub-component 2

Technical Working Groups

20

11

9

Sub-components 2, 3 and 4

Civil Society organizations  forums

11

6

5

Sub-component 1.B

Development Partners

2

1

1

Sub-components 1.A, 3 and 4

Total

74

32

42

 

 

Five sessions have been organized for the different stakeholder groups to perform their self-assessment of Sudan’s REDD+ readiness program. The self-assessments by the development partner were solicited through a dedicated form which was sent to relevant representatives of the World Bank and FAO, respectively. The objective of the self-assessment sessions was to provide a platform for consideration and discussions among the stakeholder on the progress made to date across all the sub-components of the readiness proposal against the FCPF RAF assessment criteria. The organization of the sessions included the following:

  • A presentation on the progress made to date on the implementation of the readiness activities as described in the FCPF two grant agreements to ensure that all stakeholder groups are fully aware of all readiness activities, including in other components outside their mandate.
  • A presentation on the self-assessment process which explained the context, the rationale, the objectives, advantages, methodologies and expected results.
  • A dedicated form was provided to the participating stakeholders to write down the results of the self-assessment. The form is based on the criteria and diagnostic questions in the RAF, and provides space for scoring against the assessment criteria using color coded score ranges for each of the progress indicators (traffic lights). These codes range from 0-100, where each of the range represents a specific color. A score ranging 100-81 is represented in green, 80-51 is represented in yellow, 50-21 is represented in orange, and 20-0 is depicted in red. The score ranges are qualitative and enable aggregation of results across the stakeholder groups. The form also provides space for noting significant achievements and lessons learned, as well as gaps and issues the  require further Development.  
  • Stakeholders were divided into breakout groups (e.g. state focal points) or worked as one group, according to the size of the groups or their mandate in the readiness implementation. Each group was asked to assign a chair to steer the discussions and a rapporteur to report the results of the self-assessment of its group.
  • Diagnostic questions have been translated and explained by the consultant during the self-assessment session. Additional clarifications were provided during the self-assessment session upon requests from the stakeholders. Clarifications were mostly sought due to the fact the some questions suggesting readiness systems, such as the benefit-sharing mechanism, the ESMF and the FGRM are fully operational and are already being tested in the REDD+ implementation phase which is not true in the case of Sudan.. Therefore, the stakeholders were asked to also take into consideration the readiness activities that are planned to be completed by the end of the additional grant agreement (December 2019). For this reason, a presentation on the progress made in the implementation of the two grant agreements was necessary to inform the stakeholders on all the readiness activities that will be implemented in Sudan’s readiness program until December 2019.
  • The guidance provided by the consultant and followed by the stakeholders in their self-assessment was to start by discussing the progress based on the diagnostic questions provided for each criterion – normally 1-3 questions per criteria – and to build a common understanding on whether the progress made meets these criteria. Then, the group collectively agreed on a single score using the scoring ranges and provided its feedback on significant achievements made, lesson learned, gaps and issues that require further development within or beyond the remaining time of Sudan’s readiness program implementation (December 2019) in bullet format.
  • The outcomes of the self-assessment by the different stakeholder groups have been collected, combined and analyzed.
Sunday, 10 February 2019 12:13

Internship Program

PMU of REDD+ program organized a meeting with the researchers under internship Program at 28 November 2018 in gum Arabic hall, Forests National  Corporation. It was attended by researchers (6) and PMU of REDD+

The purpose of the meeting

  • Introduce presentations on the Progress made in the researches.
  • Exchange ideas amongst the researchers to maintain complementarity.
  • Help researchers to overcome any difficulties they are facing.

The contents of the meeting

The meeting   included six presentations

  • Quantifying the changes of land use/cover on Forest Cover in Cerro Forest, Sennar State.
  • The impact of tree belts on agricultural productivity in the state of Gedaref and the amount of biomass. the deterioration of Mangrove forests and their social and environmental impacts in the Red Sea state.
  • Assessment of socio-economic characteristics of the local community and biophysical status of Kodroka and Kasinger forests in Northern State, Sudan.
  • Assessment of Forests resource Degradation in Central Darfur state , study case Um Aroog Natural forest.
  • Quantification of Drivers.

The outputs of the meeting

  • The researchers received the comments from the audiences.
  • There was a very clear Complementarity amongst the researches and very rich information.
  • The researches cover diverse issues and different area in Sudan.
  • Researchers have been oriented about the regional workshops which planned to start by the eastern region (Mangrove forests).
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The workshop were aimed  to identify the status of existing knowledge related to wildfire of the Sudan; discuss the different programmes of wildfires management, and appropriate network relationships to support such programmes .

42 participants attended the workshop representing various Government entities (including REDD+ Focal Points of States in the hotspot areas), NGOs, academia, research institutes and journalists

Opening remarks were made by  3 speakers are

Dr. Syada. Khalil, Coordinator of the Sudan REDD+ program

Mr. Matthias Lichtenberger, Chief Technical Advisor

Mr. Osman Omar, representative of the Director-General, Forests National Corporation (FNC)

4 papers were presented at this workshop that covered topics such as Wildfire monitoring in Sudan , Remote Sensing , Fire Management, Forests and Fire

These papers were presented by

Mr. Peter Moore, Forest Officer

Dr. Mohammed Al-Jamri Atta Al-Mannan Assistant Professor, Faculty of Forestry and Range Science- Sudan University

Dr. Muhanad behalf of Dr. Solafa Babiker, Director, Remote Sensing and Seismology Authority

Rasha Abdalla Fadul Abdalla, Focal Point for Forest Fires; FNC

Summary of discussions

The number of participants in the discussion reached 17, addressing a number of hot issues related to forest fires.

The outcome of the workshop was 13 recommendations as follows

Lack of sharing of data between different institutions

Lack of collaboration and meager capacity in firefighting

Networking and linkages

Revisit the forest extension system to accommodate the new trends in forest protection

Revisit the protection system of FNC

Conducting of workshops in the states for better sharing and involvement of stakeholders

Collaboration with neighboring countries for knowledge and experience

Up-scaling of success stories like Jabal Marra experience with GTZ project

Revisit the native administration as local management mechanism

Human and financial resources support for the new born fire control unit of FNC.

Involvement of academia and research in developing effective models for firefighting and to have good networking with private sector

Awareness raising for different stakeholders

The workshop was took place on 3 October 2018, elkhaber hall for international conference, Red sea

The workshop was attended by 72.

 19Female.

53 male.

 The participant involve wide spectrum of representation   Including:- Ministry of agriculture livestock, and fishers , Ministry of agriculture / local of sinkat , Ministry of environment and natural resources ,Council of environment and natural resource, Director of Horticulture Department , Administration of Wildlife Management , Director of agriculture extension Department , Director of soil conservation, Director Manager of livestock , Director Manager of agriculture land, Forests National Corporation,  General Directorate of Plant Protection , Representatives of local sinkat , Local Reprehensive of Sinkat, Tokar, Haya, Gneeb oleeb, Kalaneebeb , Halaibs, Hallok, Gebet elmaden and dreeb .

Objective of the workshop:-

 To aware the community and stakeholder about REDD+ activities, objectives and the role of forests in climate change.

Workshop started by Quran and then opining remarks from:- Mr. Musa Abdalla Eisa – General of red sea forests state, Prof Ahmed abdelaziz, manager of university of Red Sea , Mr. Isam eldeen sorkti – General Manager of ministry of agriculture livestock.

The outcome of the workshop was 20 recommendations as follows

  • The importantance of this kind of awareness companies and the survey visit
  • Restore the concept of forests and deserts.
  • Restore the culture of popular forests.
  • The  contribute of transport to enhance GHGs emission, need awareness.
  • Activation the law and regulation to protect the forests.
  • Valuation effort of Forests National Corporation to protect the forests.
  • The role of stakeholder to success the REDD+ pogramme.
  • Biodiversity of vegetation cover of the state, introducing the mesquite tree (Boscia Senegalensis) to combating desertification.
  • The important of Mangrove forests especially in the coast area.
  • Benefit of mangrove forests for the ground water.
  • Management and admistrarion illegal cutting.
  • Illegal cutting, the main cause of deterioration of environment.
  • Studies related to climate change should be covered all states.
  • Training to pasture by local language.
  • Management of track of pasture (Massmart).
  • Natural conservation solution for illegal cutting and over grazing.
  • Consumption of charcoal and gases.
  • Transference experience from another states to Red sea state.
  • The important of include participantation of local community.
  • Forests and wildlife is the tow faces for coins.
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